Bedbugs were very common in the 1940’s and 1950’s but the wide spread use of long- term residual insecticides virtually eliminated them. Recently however, bedbugs have undergone a dramatic resurgence. They are great travellers and are readily transported via luggage, clothing, bedding, stuffed animals and furniture. They are now found in homes, apartments, hotels, motels, dormitories, shelters and modes of transportation. Reliable is based in the GTA and surrounding area engaged in bedbugs extermination in cities such as Toronto, Whitby, Mississauga, Pickering and Oakville.
Non-Chemical Green Bedbug Extermination
Thermal Heat Treatments
Heat is effective to control bedbug infestations. Bedbugs have lethal temperature limits greater than 120˚F, at which all stages of the life cycle are killed. Targeted temperatures in the range of lethal temperatures are required to completely eradicate bedbug populations. The range of lethal temperatures (minimum and maximum temperatures) should be carefully controlled so that heated space or its contents are not damaged. A list of items to be removed prior to heat start-up significantly reduces risk of damage to contents.
Treatment time is an important factor for effectiveness of treating bedbug infestations with heat.Treatment time is dictated by various factors such as clutter, structure, layout of the space, severity of infestation, and airflow management. Adults are generally most susceptible, with eggs being most tolerant. Treatment time should ensure heat penetration reaches all probable places where bedbugs can take refuge. Holding lethal temperatures for a longer time will be more effective than shorter treatment times and is a function of the factors mentioned above. Heat kills by dehydration or drying out the bedbugs. The high heat/low humidity atmosphere causes the insect to desiccate and insects die due to lack of moisture. Please Note: Temperatures that exceed 115˚F humidity becomes less of a concern.
For heat treatment to be effective, it is imperative that all key areas of infestation being treated reach the lethal temperatures. Cold spots or missing some areas may result in populations rebounding after heat treatment. Places isolated from the heat and air, such as concrete floors, outside walls, corners and under carpet edges are difficult to heat. Prepare a heating plan considering the layout of the area and it’s contents so that equipment (heaters, fans, etc.) and temperature sensors can be placed optimally to ensure that lethal temperatures are achieved.
Physiology of Bedbugs
Bedbugs are small (1/8 inch), brownish, flattened insects that feed solely on blood. The immature stages (nymphs) resemble the adults but are smaller. Female bedbugs lay thin eggs in secluded areas depositing up to 5 a day, and 500 during a lifetime. The eggs hatch; the nymphs (young) emerge and actively seek a blood meal, preferably a human. If no human is available they will feed on other warm-blooded animals, including pets. Adult bedbugs can survive for 6-7 months without a blood meal and have been known to live in abandoned houses for one year.
These creatures are small but can create a lot of trouble. Bedbugs, if stuck on to the human body continuously for weeks, may cause some serious allergies and rashes on the body. In that case a physician should be immediately contacted to reduce the effect of the allergy caused by the bedbugs. It is always advisable to the residents to not to use the insecticides to kill bedbugs directly on mattresses or at any other thing or place that would be in direct contact with a person. For any assistance regarding the bedbugs Toronto services please feel free to discuss with us.
Contact our 24/7 Hotline at 1-888-831-2727 to get rid of Bedbugs!
Questions and Answers
Q. Where do bedbugs come from?
A. Bedbugs can’t fly so they either crawl or are carried from place to place. Bedbugs or their eggs can hitch hike in a traveler’s suitcase or clothing. Business people and vacationers routinely travelling to countries where bedbugs are common end up bringing either adults or bedbug eggs back with them.
Q. What do bedbugs do?
A. A bedbug feeds about once a week, usually for several minutes. It most often feeds on a sleeper’s exposed skin. The bite is nearly painless and is not felt by most people. Some people have no reaction afterwards, but most people develop a hard bump with a whitish centre, which can itch for days. Bedbugs can survive for several months between blood meals if there is no person or animal for them to feed on.
Q. Can bedbugs spread diseases in humans?
A. Although bedbugs suck blood like other human parasites, there has been no evidence that they spread diseases.
Q. Where do the bedbugs hide?
A. Bedbugs can live in almost any crack or crevice. They usually stay close to their food source (blood) but can spread rapidly to other areas of the house. The most common place to find them is in the bed. Bedbugs often hide within seams, tufts and crevices of the mattress, box spring, bed frame, headboard, picture frames, dresser drawers and behind wallpaper.
Q. How do I know I have bedbugs and not fleas?
A. Rarely are fleas found in secluded spots like cracks and crevices around the bedroom. Bedbugs can be found and seen in and around mattress seams, tufts and box springs. Look for light brown flat insects about 1/4 to 3/8 to an inch in size. Bedbugs also leave behind molted case skins and dried excrement spots on the mattress sheets and seams. Fleas do not do this. A severe bedbug population does emit a very sweet odour similar to strawberries.
Q. Can I do anything to prevent a bedbug infestation?
A. Refrain from bringing into your home used mattresses and furniture. Thoroughly inspect luggage after returning from a trip to a country where bedbugs are common.
Contact our 24/7 Hotline at 1-888-831-2727 to get rid of Bedbugs!
Preparation Guidelines for Bedbug Treatment
It is very difficult to eliminate a bedbug infestation with the insecticides that are available today. A minimum of two treatments are needed, two weeks apart.
- Strip the bed(s) and launder (120F) all linens.
- Empty dresser and night table drawers and place in plastic bags.
- Clear the floor surfaces, including closets, of toys, papers, loose articles etc.
- Reduce clutter.
- Vacuum mattresses, carpets and perimeter of the rooms, then discard the vacuum contents into a sealed trash bag.
- Vacate the premises during the service and do not re-enter for at least 4 hours.
- Expect to see bedbugs for up to 2 weeks as a result of the eggs hatching.
- Purchase a zippered bed encasement if you are keeping your mattress.
If you have any questions after the bedbugs Toronto service, please call us and we would be happy to help.
RELIABLE EXTERMINATORS LIMITED
1730 McPherson Court, Unit 25, Pickering, ON L1W 3E6
Interesting Bedbug Information:
- Bedbugs on the Rise (bing.com) (Video)
- BedBug Central's Jeffrey White Appears on NBC Nightly News (msnbc.msn.com) (Video)
- Chomping at the Bed (torontosun.com) (Article)
- Bedbugs: The Next Real-Estate Condition? (thespec.com) (Article)
- Bedbugs: Coming to a Theatre Near You? (today.msnbc.msn.com) (Video)
- Bedbug City: 1 in 10 New Yorkers Has Grappled With Bedbugs (nydailynews.com) (Article)
- Across America, Bedbugs are Biting (philly.com) (Article)
- The Bedbug Epidemic (cbsnews.com) (Video)
- Martha Stewart Living Sued Over Bedbug Mattress Pad Patent (bloomberg.com) (Article)
- Bedbugs (sciencefriday.com) (Video)
- Battling Bedbugs a Booming Business (thestar.com) (Article)